Full names and list of African Countries and capitals in alphabetical order. Africa as a whole comprises of 54 officially recognised countries, Africa is the second largest continent in the world with over 1.1 billion people living on the continent it is second only behind the highly populated Asian continent. Some people who haven’t been to Africa before still confuse this large continent as a country.
Despite the remarkable contributions of Africa, and the remarkable progress it has made, relatively little is known about Africa, her people, and culture outside of the continent. There is more to Africa than safari hunting, her poor public image and a history of the slave trade. Africa is only superseded by the Asian continent in terms of landmass and population. Below is the list of the 54 countries in Africa and their capital cities with the population;
|8.||The Republic of Cape Verde||Praia|
|9.||The Central African Republic||Bangui|
|12.||Democratic Republic of Congo||Kinshasa|
|13.||Republic of Congo||Brazzaville|
|40.||Republic Arab Saharawi Democratic||Aauin|
|41.||Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome|
|46.||South Africa||Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)|
|49.||Eswatini||Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)|
|50.||Tanzania||Dar es Salaam (Traditional capital) Dodoma (Legislature)|
54 Names and List of African Countries and Their Capitals With Population 2022
• Algeria: Capital city Algiers, population 40,100,000.
• Angola: Capital city Luanda, population 25,326,000.
• Benin: Capital city Porto-Novo, population 10,782,000.
• Botswana: Capital city Gaborone, population 2,176,000.
• Burkina Faso: Capital city Ouagadougou, population 18,450,000.
• Burundi: Capital city Bujumbura, population 9,824,000.
• Cameroon: Capital city Yaounde, population 21,918,000.
• The Republic of Cape Verde: Capital city Praia, population 525,000
• The Central African Republic: Capital city Bangui, population 4,900,000
• Chad: Capital city N’Djamena, population 13,675,000
• Comoros: Capital city Moroni, population 783,000
• Democratic Republic of Congo: Capital city Kinshasa, population 77,267,000
• Republic of Congo: Capital city Brazzaville, population 4,706,000
• Cote d’Ivoire: Capital city Yamoussoukro, population 23,126,000.
• Djibouti: Capital city Djibouti, population 961,000
• Egypt: Capital city Cairo, population 88,523,000.
• Equatorial Guinea: Capital city Malabo, population 1,996,000
• Eritrea: Capital city Asmara, population 6,895,000
• Ethiopia: Capital city Addis Ababa, population 99,391,000
• Gabon: Capital city Libreville, population 1,873,000
• Gambia: Capital city Banjul, population 2,022,000
• Ghana: Capital city Accra, population 27,414,000
• Guinea: Capital city Conakry, population 10,935,000.
• Guinea-Bissau: Capital city Bissau, population 1,788,000
• Kenya: Capital city Nairobi, population 45,533,000
• Lesotho: Capital city Maseru, population 1,908,000
• Liberia: Capital city Monrovia, population 4,046,000
• Libya: Capital city Tripoli, population 6,278,000
• Madagascar: Capital city Antananarivo, population 23,043,000.
• Malawi: Capital city Lilongwe, population 16,307,000.
• Mali: Capital city Bamako, population 17,796,000.
• Mauritania: Capital city Nouakchott, population 3,632,000.
• Mauritius: Capital city Port Louis, population 1,263,000
• Morocco: Capital city Rabat, population 34,380,000
• Mozambique: Capital city Maputo, population 28,013,000.
• Namibia: Capital city Windhoek, population 2,281,000.
• Niger: Capital city Niamey, population 18,880,000
• Nigeria: capital city Abuja, population 182,202,000
• Rwanda: Capital city Kigali, population 11,324,000
• Republic Arab Saharawi Democratic: Capital city Aauin, population 509,000
• Sao Tome and Principe: Capital city Sao Tome, population 194,000
• Senegal: Capital city Dakar, population 14,150,000.
• Seychelles: Capital city Victoria, population 97,000
• Sierra Leone: Capital city Freetown, population 6,513,000
• Somalia: Capital city Mogadishu, population 10,972,000
• South Africa: Capital City Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative), population 54,957,000
• South Sudan: Capital city Juba, population 12,519,000.
• Sudan: Capital city Khartoum, population 40,235,000.
• Eswatini: Capital Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative), population 1,119,000
• Tanzania: Capital Dar es Salaam (Traditional capital) Dodoma (Location of the legislature), population 51,046,000
• Togo: Capital city Lomé, population 7,065,000.
• Tunisia: Capital city Tunis, population 11,118,000
• Uganda: Capital city Kampala, population 37,102,000.
• Zambia: Capital city Lusaka, population 15,474,000.
• Zimbabwe: Capital city Harare, population 13,503,000
Fossil evidence has led many scientific experts to conclude that Africa is the oldest habitation of human beings. Her first citizens were hunters and gatherers. This first citizen soon moved out to colonize the rest of the world. The Sahara was not always a desert and was not always as big as it is today. Around circa 10,500 BC, the Sahara was a green fertile valley. This is confirmed by one of the oldest cave paintings found in the Tassili n’Ajjer region. Africans began to domesticate castles at the same time that they were still hunting and gathering. This technology of animal husbandry came before agricultural practices. Other animals domesticated included donkeys and goats.
By the dawn of the first millennium BC, metalwork was discovered and was swiftly transferred through the northern parts of the sub-Sahara Africa region. Soon enough the technology became commonplace in western Africa. Some of the ancient art in Africa includes the Ife and Benin bronze cultures, the Nok terraculture, and ivory among others.
By Circa 3300 BC, the historical record reveals that literacy and literary culture began to emerge under the auspices of the Egyptian pharaohs. Learning, philosophy, and astronomy from the basics of what would become the bedrock of consecutive civilizations and one of the earliest and self-sustaining civilizations in the world.
After this period, an era of invasion began in Africa, first the Persians then Alexander the Great who liberated Egypt from Persia and set up a city after his name. the city would go on to become the capital of the Ptolemaic dynasty. After this, the Roman empire soon enveloped North Africa’s Mediterranean coastline.
In the early 7th century, Islam found its way to northern Africa via the effort of the newly formed Arabian. During this period, the adoption of the theology and practice of Islam spread through sub-Saharan Africa. This was achieved through the use of trade routes and migration.
List of African Countries and Capitals In Alphabetical Order And Their Population
Complex bronze designs from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu, in Nigeria exhibit a high level of technical finesse that supersedes the bronze creativity out of Europe at the same time. Before colonization, Africa possessed approximately more than 10,000 states with different states and political realities. Each of these states created its own rule of law and governmental hierarchy. Examples include small family groups of
hunter-gatherers in southern Africa; larger, the family clan of central, southern, and eastern Africa; profoundly organized clan clusters in the Horn of Africa; the large Sahelian monarchies; and self-governing city-states and domains such as those of West Africa.
In the ninth century AD, Some dynasties such as the Hausa states, Ghana, Gao, and Kanem-Bornu, overextended across the sub-Saharan savannah. The biggest empire was Ghana, which reigned supreme until it declined in the eleventh century, and was shortly succeeded by the Mali Empire.
Other notable political powers include The Kingdom of Ife, a Yoruba city-state governed under a priestly king. Ife contributed artistically to world heritage, with her tradition of unique and highly naturalistic bronze heads. The Ife model for a government formed the basis for the Oyo Empire.
Slavery has a long history of affiliation with Africa first from the 7th to the 20th century, the Arab slave trade captured 18 million slaves from Africa. The Atlantic slave trade of the 15th to 19th centuries took an estimated number of 7–12 million slaves.
In 1884 – 18885, European power holders were hosted by King Leopold II of Belgium in what is now referred to as the Berlin conference. The conference was held to determine the division of Africa into territories under the government of the attending powers. The lingering effect of this division is still seen today in Africa by affiliation with “mother” European states.
Independence for the African state did not gain much momentum, until after the end of world war two. The world war left many of the European states vulnerable In 1951, Libya became the first to gain independence from Italy, Next Tunisia and Morocco in 1956 became independent of France. Next was Ghana in 1957 the majority of the other African states got independence over the period of the next ten years, including Nigeria in 1960. However, Apartheid in South Africa lasted until 1994.
Today’s African states contain 54 independent countries, most of whose borders reflect the legacy of the Berlin conference. Since colonialism, African states have recurrently been faced with the challenges of area instability, corruption, violence, and authoritarianism.
These challenges rise to form the marginalization of the various ethnicity which was prior to colonization self-ruling. The grave is this situation that during the early 1960s to the late 1980s, the continent experienced over 70 military coups not counting 13 presidential assassinations.
The Cold War conflicts that occurred between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, coupled with the policies of the International Monetary Fund is partly responsible for instability in the area.
A notable tragic event in the history of Africa is the 1994 Rwandan Genocide where more than 800,000 people lost their lives. Aids and Malaria are issues of concern in modern-day Africa. However, since the dawn of the 21st century, there has been a steady decline in armed conflict on the continent.
Today’s Africa is open for investment, with China taking the lead in these areas. Quite a lot of African nations are among the world’s fastest-growing economies.
More than 1000 languages are spoken in Africa. Nigeria alone has over 300 ethnic groups with distinct dialects. Colonization and Westernization encouraged the suppression of indigenous African cultures, oftentimes referring to them as primitive and Barbaric. For example, African customs and languages are prohibited in mission schools.
Today, however, other influences like Negritude and Pan Africanism have encouraged a resurgence in the increasing interest, rediscovery, and revaluing of African traditions. Movements such as the African Renaissance, Afrocentrism, and Afrofuturism are all evolving. Also, the increasing worldwide acceptance and recognition of the African esoteric and traditional spiritualism through the toleration of Vodoo and other African forms of spirituality.
VISUAL ART AND ARCHITECTURE
African firmly exhibits her diversity in her art and architecture. Some of these includes:
- the oldest known beads from Africa made from Nassarius shells and put on as special adornment;
- The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt one of the wonders of the world was the world’s tallest manmade structure for about 4,000 years.
- The stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe are among many others.
MUSIC AND DANCE
The sounds and rhythm of West Africa have been transmitted through the seven seas to various adaptations in modern dance styles. Popular styles out of Africa include Afrobeat and Highlife music. The much more modern sounds from Africa include
- the highly complex choral singing of southern Africa
- the dance rhythms of the soukous
- Gwara Gwara’s dance style featured in Childish Gambino’s this is America
- The Shaku shaku dance as danced by the Nigerian players at the 2018 world cup.
The Fifty-four recognized African countries all have national football teams that participate in the Confederation of African Football championship. Egypt has won the competition seven times, and a record-making three wins back to back. Much success has not been made on senior international football scenes with Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, and Algeria advanced to the knockout stage of the FIFA World Cup competition. South Africa hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup, becoming the first and only African country to do so. Nigeria, however, stunned the world in 1998 by clinging to Olympic gold medal for football. Also, She has seen amazing results in u-17 FIFA World Cups
Cricket is popular in some South African nations like South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. The three states hosted the Cricket World Cup in 2003. Rugby is popular in South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe.
Conclusion On The Names and List of African Countries and Their Capitals In Alphabetical Order With Population
There are more fascinating things about Africa that one article cannot cover. Some of these include the tourist attraction, in-depth insight into culture and tradition, her cuisines, and safaris of east Africa among many others. We do hope that you enjoy your next stay in Africa. Experts have always been disappointed positively by the reality on the ground that the media in the west do portray. Yes, there are challenges, there are difficulties, and insurgencies, not all Africans are out to get you or scam. Africans are beautiful and resilient people.
There you have it on 54 names list of African countries and their capitals cities with population, share your thoughts and suggestions with us through the comment box and like us on Facebook @ facebook.com/9jaquest or follow us on Twitter @ twitter.com/NaijaQuest. Thanks.
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Tags: Names and list of African countries and their capitals in alphabetical order, African cities names and population, what is the capital city of Africa
Africa has 54 countries fully recognized by the United Nations, two independent states with limited or no recognition (Western Sahara and Somaliland), and several territories (mostly islands) controlled by non-African countries.
All in all, there are 54 sovereign African countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland (autonomous region of Somalia) and Western Sahara (occupied by Morocco and claimed by the Polisario).
The 53 countries in alphabetical order are: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, ...
- Lagos, Nigeria.
- Abjua, Nigeria.
- Kano, Nigeria.
- Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- Luanda, Angola.
- Cape Town, South Africa.
- Durban, South Africa.
- Johannesburg, South Africa.
There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.
One of the most popular suggestions for the origins of the term 'Africa' is that it is derived from the Roman name for a tribe living in the northern reaches of Tunisia, believed to possibly be the Berber people. The Romans variously named these people 'Afri', 'Afer' and 'Ifir'.
What was Africa called before Africa? The Kemetic or Alkebulan history of Afrika suggests that the ancient name of the continent was Alkebulan. The word Alkebu-Ian is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. Alkebulan meaning the garden of Eden or the mother of mankind.
Although Egypt sits in the north of the African continent it is considered by many to be a Middle Eastern country, partly because the main spoken language there is Egyptian Arabic, the main religion is Islam and it is a member of the Arab League.
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Kenya. Kenya is a country in East Africa with coastline on the Indian Ocean. It encompasses savannah, Lakelands, the dramatic Great Rift Valley and mountain highlands.
By most standards, there is a maximum of seven continents - Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia/Oceania, Europe, North America, and South America.
With anywhere between 1000 and 2000 languages, Africa is home to approximately one-third of the world's languages. The diversity of Africa's languages is evidenced by their populations. In total, there are at least 75 languages in Africa which have more than one million speakers.
Wealthiest countries in Africa 2021. South Africa concentrated the largest amount of private wealth in Africa as of 2021, some 651 billion U.S. dollars. Egypt, Nigeria, Morocco, and Kenya followed, establishing the five wealthier markets in the continent.
Lagos, in Nigeria, ranked as the most populated city in Africa as of 2022, with an estimated population of roughly 15.4 million inhabitants.
1. SWAHILI. The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have between 100 and 150 million speakers. Known as a 'Bantu' language, Swahili apparently originated from other languages like Arabic.
While it is not the capital, the urban area based around Lagos, Nigeria has a population of 11.4 million. In land area, Cairo (104 square miles) and Lagos (56 square miles) are generally considered the largest in Africa.
And he seems to have missed the memo that Africa is roughly 11.6 million square miles — making its surface area about five-and-a-half million square miles smaller than Asia, which takes up more than 17 million. Altogether, the world's seven continents make up roughly 57.5 million square miles of land.
The total area of Africa is 30.4 million square kilometers (11.7 million square miles). The total area of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii) is 9.6 million square kilometers (3.8 million square miles). Africa is more than three times the size of the US.
The three smallest countries in the world are Vatican City, an enclave within Rome, Italy. Monaco, a principality at the Mediterranean coast and an enclave within Southern France, and Nauru, an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
By many accounts, the Republic of San Marino, one of the world's smallest countries, is also the world's oldest country. The tiny country that is completely landlocked by Italy was founded on September 3rd in the year 301 BCE.
- Libya — 1,759,540 km² (679,362 mi²)
- Chad — 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²)
- Niger — 1,267,000 km² (489,191 mi²)
- Angola — 1,246,700 km² (481,354 mi²)
- Mali — 1,240,190 km² (478,840 mi²)
- South Africa — 1,219,090 km² (470,693 mi²)
- Ethiopia — 1,136,242 km² (438,705 mi²)
The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles). See also: Most Populous Countries.
Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. As of 2020, the country counts 206 million individuals, whereas Ethiopia, which ranked second, has 115 million inhabitants. Egypt registered the largest population in North Africa, reaching 102 million people.
Africa and Africans were mentioned more than 1 417 times in the entire Bible. Of this, Egypt (Mitsrayim) was mentioned more than 740 times in the Old Testament (Adamo 2005:26-36). In the Pentateuch, references to the words Egypt and Egyptians occur more than 288 times.
Africa is sometimes nicknamed the "Mother Continent" due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.
Liberia was the first African republic to proclaim its independence and is Africa's first and oldest modern republic.
The word Africa was initiated by the Europeans and came into Western use through the Romans after the three Punic battles (264 BC to 146 BC) led by Publius Cornelius Scipio and the people of Carthage which is present-day Tunisia.
Definition. AFRICA. Action for Resisting Invasion, Colonialism and Apartheid.
Africa: Originated from the Egyptian word “Afru-ika”which is translated to “Motherland.”( Dr. Van Sertima) “Africa,” comes from the Arabic word firk or frik, which means separate, divide, or conquer. (
Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent and is part of the Middle East region. In the west, Israel is bound by the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon and Syria border it to the north, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest and the Red Sea to the south.
A popular ancient name for Egypt was "Kemet," which means the "black land." Scholars generally believe that this name derived from the fertile soil that was left over when the Nile flood receded in August.
The name Egypt is primarily a gender-neutral name of Greek origin that means Temple Of The Soul Of Ptah. Ptah is the creative god associated with Memphis, the ancient city of Egypt. The name was derived from the Greek name "Aigyptos" meaning the region of the River Nile.
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- Falkland Islands.
- Faroe Islands.
- French Guiana.
- French Polynesia.
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands.
There is only one country that begins with the letter Y: Yemen. Yemen is the only country in the world that starts with the letter Y. Its people commonly refer to the state as the Republic of Yemen.
- Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- Dominican Republic.
- Duchy of Parma, The*
List of AFrican Country and their Capitals.
|Country Name||Capital||President (as of October 2019)|
|Sierra Leone||Freetown||Julius Maada Bio|
The South African Government is divided into three sections and therefore, based in three diverse capitals. The notion behind this came from the Union of South Africa when it was created and concern was raised over whether it would place too much power in one place to have a single capital of South Africa.
|Capital Cities of African Nations|
|Brazzaville||Brazzaville Map||Congo (Brazzaville)|
|Cairo (El Qahirah)||Cairo Map||Egypt|
|Cape Town (legislative) Bloemfontein (judicial) Pretoria (admin.)||Cape Town Map Bloemfontein Map Pretoria Map||South Africa|
The West Africa UN subregion includes the following countries:Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo .
The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo, as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory) ...
The 15 members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) are Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
In 1910, the Union of South Africa was created out of the Cape, Natal, Transvaal and Free State.
South Africa: Pretoria:,Cape Town and Bloemfontein
This is the only country to have three capital cities, a unique arrangement designed to share power across regions.
South Africa is currently among the countries grouped as third world or developing nations. Such economic classification takes into account a country's economic status and other economic variables.
Lagos, in Nigeria, ranked as the most populated city in Africa as of 2022, with an estimated population of roughly 15.4 million inhabitants. Kinshasa, in Congo, and Cairo, in Egypt, followed with some 7.8 million and 7.7 million dwellers.
The largest state in Africa is the nation of Algeria. Algeria is located in northern Africa along the Mediterranean and is sandwiched between Morocco and Libya and Tunisia and is just north of Mali and Niger.
And as can be seen from the graphic the only city in Europe bigger than Johannesburg is that of London, with a population of 8.79million people it is 56.3% bigger than that of Johannesburg, or stated differently there are 3.17million more people living in London than there is living in Johannesburg.