List Of Central African Countries And Their Capitals – Information (2022)

The full list of Central African countries and their capitals details. Africa as a continent is sub-divided into five sub-regions of which Central Africa region is one of them; Middle Africa is a term made use of instead of Central Africa by the United Nations when differentiating geographic sub-regions is considered an analogous term which includes Cameroon, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, The Central African Republic, Angola, Gabon, The Republic of Congo, the democratic republic of Congo, and Sao Tome and principle.

3.The Central African RepublicBangui
5.The Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasa
6Republic of the CongoBrazzaville
7.Equatorial GuineaMalabo
9.São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé
10.South SudanJuba

Speaking of the Central African countries, there is a total number of 11 (Eleven) states encamped in Central Africa, but before we move into details of the Central African Countries, let’s take a look at the highlights of all the countries encompassed in Central Africa.

List Of Central African Countries And Their Capitals

  • Background

The Central African Federation also called or known as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from the year 1953 to the year 1963 was formerly made up of countries like Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Zambia, in similar terms, the Central African province Anglican Church covers dioceses in countries like Botswana, Zambia, Malawi, and Zimbabwe, while the Central African Church “Presbyterian notably has synods in countries such as Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Zambia. However, all these countries are now considered typically as part of Eastern or Western Africa.

  • Brief History about Central Africa Countries

100, 000 years ago Archeological finds in Central Africa was discovered, and according to Holl and Zagato, iron-smelting evidence was found in the Central African Republic and Cameroon drove far back to 3000 to 2500 BCE, more also, Extensive walled settlements as of recent have been found in Northeast Nigeria, which is in approximation 60 km Southwest of the Lake Chad far back the first millennium BCE. Developed agricultural Techniques and trades prop up more refined societies, at this moment leading to the early civilizations of Kanem, Bornu, Sao, Wadai, Shiluk, and Baguirmi.

(Video) Map of Africa: Countries, Capitals and National Flags (with Photos). Learn Geography #03

Notably, at around 1000 BCE, the migrants of Bantu had gotten to Central Africa’s Great Lake Region, after about half of the first millennium BCE, the migrants of Bantu had also be noted to have settled down at far South which is now a place known as Angola.

In the year 1884 and year 1885, during the scramble for Africa, the majority of the regions were shared between France, Belgium, and Britain, and later on, the Lake Chad was added forcefully to be a part of French West Africa by the French and having Britain left with parts of the basin. Furthermore, as at then, the Germans laid hold of parts of Cameroon until other African Nations around the pan gained back their independence. Following recent changes, South Sudan gained independence from the Sudan Republic following a war that spanned for five decades.

The Sao civilization burgeoned from Ca, in the 6th Century BCE spanning till the 16th Century CE in Northern Central Africa. The Sao are known to have lived by the Chari River Southern Lake Chad in a territory that later turned out to be part of Cameroon and Chad. These people are the earliest people noted to have left behind evident traces of their existence in the territory of modern Cameroon. Currently, various ethnic groups of Southern Chad and Northern Cameroon especially the Sara descendants’ claimed descent from the Sao Civilization.

  • Demographics

Following the migration of the Bantu people, Central Africa is mainly populated by the people of Bantu, and their languages now predominate as these include the Mongo, Luba, and Kongo peoples. More also, Nili-Saharan and the Niger-Congo Ubangian Communities are also included in Central Africa, while the Nilo-Saharan Kanuri predominates the North Western Central Africa. Most of the people who understand and speak Ubangian in Africa are often classified with the Niger-Congo as they are located in Central Africa, while the Gbaya, Zande, and Bandstand are located in North Central Africa.

On a notable term, the Supra-region organization of Central Africa includes the Economic Community of Central African states and the Lake Chad Commission.

(Video) Geography of Central Africa | Central African Countries and Capitals | Map of Central Africa

  • Geography

The Lake Chad Basin has in the past been cost-effectively crucial to the Central African Population, concerning the Lake Chad Basin Commission helping as a significant Supra-regional organization in Central Africa.

  • Economy

There are notably three main activities of the economy in the region which are, Fishing, Farming, and herding. Agriculture is not possibly enough in providing all the needs of the masses as 40% as estimated, of the total population of the Northern and Eastern parts of the region are undergoing severe food scarcity and poverty as well.

However, crop productions based on water downpour (Rain) is in the southern belt possible alone, while flood recession agriculture is made do with around Lake Chad and in the wetlands riverine areas.

In the period of the year 2000 to the year 2001, the Lake Chad fisheries provided income and food to over 10 millions of people following a harvest ton of about 70, 000.

Fisheries have been managed conventionally by a system where each village has legal rights over a particular or defined part of the river, lake or wetland, while fisher from other places or regions must request permissions and also pay a specified amount as a fee to make use of the area. However, the governments mandated rules and regulations only to a restricted extent, while local governments and traditional rulers are mainly occupied in rent-seeking, accumulating license fees with supports from the police or Army.

(Video) Countries In Middle/Central Africa and their Capital Cities| Population | Learning About Africa

Still speaking of the Central African economy, oil is discovered as the significant exportation of the Northern and Eastern Central African Countries which notably marks up a considerable proportion of the GDPs of South Sudan and Chad.

  • Religion

Speaking of the dominating religion of the Central African countries, it is discovered that the predominant religion in this region of Africa is Christianity and traditional beliefs.

Central African Countries and their Capitals Currency

CameroonCFA franc
TheCentral African RepublicCFA franc
ChadCFA franc
Republic of the CongoCFA franc
Equatorial GuineaCFA franc
GabonCFA franc
The Democratic Republic of the CongoCongolese franc
São Tomé and PríncipeDobra
  • Language

In the Central African Region, there is a notable predominating language, which is the French language which is majorly spoken by seven of the nine countries present in Central Africa as their official or national language and of these seven countries only three states have French limited as their national language and those three countries include; Gabon, The Republic of Congo, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Other words discovered in this region are Portuguese, Sango, and Sango. The predominant of the French language in this region can be traced down to colonial periods when Belgium and France people occupied the area.

Central African Countries Land Mass

CountriesLandmasses (km2)
São Tomé and Príncipe964km2
Gabon267,668 km2
Equatorial Guinea28,051 km2
Republic of the Congo342,000 km2
The Democratic Republic of Congo2,344,858 km2
Chad1,284,000 km2
The Central African Republic622,984 km2
Cameroon475,442 km2
  • Culture

In Ancient times, the Central African Region has passed through a series of movement both from within and outside, concerning this, the Central African region has a lot of different cultures. Emphasizing the Bantu people, the Bantu people brought up an entirely different culture into the region. However, the existing cultures in this region are discovered in their music, Body adornment, Initiation, Dance, Marriage rituals, and arts.

Speaking of the ethnic groups with the highest population, we talk of the two major ethnic groups discovered in Central Africa which are the Mongo and Luba peoples as both communities are noted to have a population range of 10 to 15 million.

(Video) Central African Countries

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Conclusion on List of Central African Countries And Their Capitals

The Central African Countries are indeed great countries with different cultural heritages and lifestyle, though we may as well say some if not all of the African countries were influenced at the colonial period by foreign countries, all the same, the Central African Countries are great.

Right above have been listed the Central African Countries alongside all you practically need to know about the Central African countries.

Tag: List of Central African Countries Region


What are the 8 countries in Central Africa? ›

Central Africa, defined by the UN Subregion, consists of the following countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Republic - Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Principe.

How many countries are in the Central Africa? ›

Central Africa (Middle Africa, or also Equatorial Africa)

There are nine countries in Central Africa, including the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 185 million people live in Central Africa (in 2021).

What is the smallest country in Central Africa? ›

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by far the largest country of this subregion, with more than 226 million hectares of land. Burundi and Rwanda are among the smallest countries of central Africa and the continent.

Which country is the center of Africa? ›

The African Development Bank defines Central Africa as Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon.
List of Central African countries.
Central AfricaGabon
São Tomé and Príncipe
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What is Central Africa famous for? ›

Central Africa's most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. Also in the same region is Kahuzi-Biega National Park, which features mountain gorillas.

What is the country with the longest name in Africa? ›

The longest African country name is Democratic Republic of the Congo at 28 letters.

How many countries are there in West and Central Africa? ›

Based in Dakar, Senegal, UNFPA's West and Central Africa Regional Office (WCARO) covers 23 countries - 14 Francophone (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo – Brazzaville, Cote d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Togo); 5 Anglophone (The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia ...

Which central African country is landlocked? ›

Chad officially known as the Republic of Chad is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the northwest, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

What are the 52 country in Africa? ›


What is the largest capital city in Africa? ›

Nairobi is Kenya's capital and largest city. It has an estimated population of about 3.5 million residents of which 60% live in poverty. It is a hub of commerce, technology, industry, and finance in East and Central Africa.

What is the poorest country in Africa? ›


Which country is bigger than Africa? ›

Top 15 countries
12 more rows
16 Jun 2015

Which central African country has the highest population? ›


What is the largest jungle in Africa? ›

The rainforest in the Congo Basin is the largest rainforest in Africa and second only to the Amazon rainforest in size, with 300 million hectares compared to the 800 million hectares in the Amazon.

Which country is closer to Nigeria? ›

Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin.

Which country is CAR in Africa? ›

The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine, RCA; French: [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique, [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

What is the capital city of Central Africa? ›

Bangui, city, capital of the Central African Republic, located on the west bank of the Ubangi River. It is connected by an extended 1,100-mile (1,800-km) river-and-rail transport system with Pointe-Noire on the west-central African coast and with Brazzaville (both in the Republic of the Congo).

Who first colonized Central Africa? ›

Colonial period. The European penetration of Central African territory began in the late 19th century during the Scramble for Africa. Count Savorgnan de Brazza established the French Congo and sent expeditions up the Ubangi River from Brazzaville in an effort to expand France's claims to territory in Central Africa.

What are the 2 smallest countries in Africa? ›

Which Are The 10 Smallest Countries Of Africa By Size?
1Seychelles451 km2
2São Tomé and Príncipe964 km2
3Mauritius2,040 km2
4Comoros2,235 km2
6 more rows
6 Oct 2017

What is world's longest name? ›

The longest name to appear on a birth certificate is Rhoshandiatellyneshiaunneveshenk Koyaanisquatsiuth Williams. #OTD in 1984, her father looked to extend her first name to 1,019 letters and her middle name to 36 letters.

What are the 16 countries of West Africa? ›

The West Africa UN subregion includes the following countries:Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo .

Is Egypt in Africa yes or no? ›

Although Egypt sits in the north of the African continent it is considered by many to be a Middle Eastern country, partly because the main spoken language there is Egyptian Arabic, the main religion is Islam and it is a member of the Arab League.

What are the 16 West African countries and their capital? ›

List of West African Countries and Capitals
Country NameCapitalPresident (as of October 2019)
NigerNiameyMahamadou Issoufou
NigeriaAbujaMuhammadu Buhari
SenegalDakarMacky Sall
Sierra LeoneFreetownJulius Maada Bio
12 more rows
24 Jun 2018

What are all 15 of Africa's landlocked states? ›

Out of Africa's 55 countries, 16 of them are landlocked: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Which 4 African countries are landlocked? ›

The landlocked countries in Africa are: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Which male name is also a landlocked country in Africa? ›

Zambia, landlocked country in south-central Africa.

How many countries does Africa have 2022? ›

Below you can find a list and a map with the current 54 sovereign states of this continent (2022).

What are the 10 largest countries in Africa? ›

Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa (by total area):
  • Libya — 1,759,540 km² (679,362 mi²)
  • Chad — 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²)
  • Niger — 1,267,000 km² (489,191 mi²)
  • Angola — 1,246,700 km² (481,354 mi²)
  • Mali — 1,240,190 km² (478,840 mi²)
  • South Africa — 1,219,090 km² (470,693 mi²)
  • Ethiopia — 1,136,242 km² (438,705 mi²)

How many countries are in world? ›

There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.

What are the 14 SADC countries? ›

Member states of SADC are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Who is the founder of SADC? ›

SADC Profile

The founding Member States are: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. SADCC was formed in Lusaka, Zambia on April 1, 1980, following the adoption of the Lusaka Declaration - Southern Africa: Towards Economic Liberation.

Who is the chairman of SADC? ›

Félix Tshisekedi has taken the helm of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) during the 42nd Ordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government of this organization which is being held in Kinshasa from August 17 and 18, 2022. He succeeds Lazarus McCarthy Chakwera, President of the Republic of Malawi.

Which are the 5 largest cities in Africa? ›

Five (Lagos, Dar es Salaam, Khartoum, Addis Ababa and Nairobi) are in the top 11 largest African cities.

Which is the best capital city in Africa? ›

Which is the Best Capital City in Africa? According to Knight Frank's Africa Horizons Report 2021/22, Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is the best city in Africa.

What are the 3 most popular languages in Africa? ›

The most widely spoken languages of Africa, Swahili (200 million), Yoruba (45 million), Igbo (30 million), and Fula (35 million) all belong to the Niger-Congo family.

Which country is No 1 poor country? ›

1. Niger. A combination of a GNI per capita of $906, life expectancy of 60.4 years, and a mean 2 years of schooling (against an expected 5.4) lead to Niger topping the UN's human development report as the world's poorest country.

What are the five richest countries in Africa? ›

Numerous African economies are unstable, poverty is widespread, and poor access to vaccines is slowing the entire continent's recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Richest African Countries 2022.
CountryGDPPer Capita
Egypt$394.28 Bn$13,080
South Africa$329.53 Bn$12,440
Algeria$151.46 Bn$11,430
Morocco$124.00 Bn$8,030
45 more rows

Which country in Africa has the strongest economy? ›

GDP of African countries 2021, by country. Nigeria's GDP amounted to 441.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2021, the highest in Africa. To follow, South Africa's GDP was worth 418 billion U.S. dollars and ranked as the second-highest on the continent.

Which is bigger Asia or Africa? ›

And he seems to have missed the memo that Africa is roughly 11.6 million square miles — making its surface area about five-and-a-half million square miles smaller than Asia, which takes up more than 17 million. Altogether, the world's seven continents make up roughly 57.5 million square miles of land.

Who is bigger Russia or Africa? ›

Africa is 1.77 times as big as Russia

At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area.

Is Africa bigger than USA? ›

The total area of Africa is 30.4 million square kilometers (11.7 million square miles). The total area of the United States (including Alaska and Hawaii) is 9.6 million square kilometers (3.8 million square miles). Africa is more than three times the size of the US.

What is the most popular country in Africa 2022? ›

1. Egypt: The land of the pharaohs, as it is popularly called is a country with so much fascinating history and culture recorded.

What countries in Africa are third world? ›

Finally, "Third World" countries were countries that remained neutral and allied with neither side.
Here are the 10 countries with the lowest human development indexes:
  • Tuvalu - 0.
  • Somalia - 0.
  • Niger - 0.354.
  • Central African Republic - 0.367.
  • South Sudan - 0.388.
  • Chad - 0.404.
  • Burundi - 0.417.
  • Sierra Leone - 0.419.

What are the 10 countries with the largest population? ›

Ten Countries with the Highest Population in the World. are China, India, United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, Brazil, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia and Mexico.

How many countries are in North Africa? ›

The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent -- Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara. North Africa is an economically prosperous area, generating one-third of Africa's total GDP.

Is Ethiopia in Central Africa? ›

Burundi and Rwanda are at times also considered to be part of Central Africa.
East Africa
CountriesSovereign states (11–19) Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Rwanda Seychelles Somalia South Sudan Sudan Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe De facto state (1) Somaliland
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Is Rwanda East or Central Africa? ›

Rwanda, landlocked republic lying south of the Equator in east-central Africa. Known for its breathtaking scenery, Rwanda is often referred to as le pays des mille collines (French: “land of a thousand hills”). The capital is Kigali, located in the centre of the country on the Ruganwa River.

What was North Africa called before? ›

The ancient Greeks used the word Libya (derived from the name of a tribe on the Gulf of Sidra) to describe the land north of the Sahara, the territory whose native peoples were subjects of Carthage, and also as a name for the whole continent.

What is North Africa called? ›

The Maghreb or Maghrib is a region of North Africa, the term refers to the five North African nations of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritania, and Libya.

Is Turkey part of North Africa? ›

In a 1995 publication, the then-Aleppo-based International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) defined its West Asia/North Africa (WANA) region as 25 countries, including: 'Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, ...

What are the 10 largest countries in Africa? ›

Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa (by total area):
  • Libya — 1,759,540 km² (679,362 mi²)
  • Chad — 1,284,000 km² (495,755 mi²)
  • Niger — 1,267,000 km² (489,191 mi²)
  • Angola — 1,246,700 km² (481,354 mi²)
  • Mali — 1,240,190 km² (478,840 mi²)
  • South Africa — 1,219,090 km² (470,693 mi²)
  • Ethiopia — 1,136,242 km² (438,705 mi²)

What is the largest jungle in Africa? ›

The rainforest in the Congo Basin is the largest rainforest in Africa and second only to the Amazon rainforest in size, with 300 million hectares compared to the 800 million hectares in the Amazon.

What is the country with the longest name in Africa? ›

The longest African country name is Democratic Republic of the Congo at 28 letters.

Which country is bigger than Africa? ›

Top 15 countries
12 more rows
16 Jun 2015

What is the poorest country in Africa? ›


What is Rwanda called now? ›

Rwanda (/ruˈɑːndə, -ˈæn-/ ( listen); Kinyarwanda: u Rwanda [u.ɾɡwaː.nda] ( listen)), officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa, where the African Great Lakes region and Southeast Africa converge.

What was Rwanda originally called? ›

At the urging of the UN, the Belgian government divided Ruanda-Urundi into two separate countries, Rwanda and Burundi.

What is Rwanda also known as? ›

Rwanda, warmly known as "the land of a thousand hills'' is situated in East – central Africa.


1. List of countries in Africa in alphabetical order
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(AfriStory HUB)
3. How Many Countries Are In Central Africa?
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4. African Countries and Their Location/Africa Political Map/Africa Continent/List of African Countries
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5. All African Countries, Capitals & Currencies
6. The 54 Countries of Africa and their Capital Cities
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